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List of Glossary Terms

The PDSnet Glossary of Terms contains definitions and explanations for over 2600 financial market terms. These definitions are constantly kept up-to-date with current topical examples from the markets. They are also updated for changes in legislation and current events like COVID19 and the July 2021 civil unrest.

The terms in the Glossary are directly linked to all PDSnet articles, confidential reports, lecture modules and other material. This means that a client reading one of our publications can immediately see which terms are defined in the Glossary and click through to read the definition. Terms within the definitions in the glossary are similarly linked, which gives the Glossary an enormous educational depth share market investors.

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SUPPLY

An economics term which refers to the availability in the economy of a particular good or service. If a good or service is in short supply... read more

 
GAS

Natural gas is a clean burning hydrocarbon, producing far less carbon dioxide and air pollutants compared to coal, when used to generate electricity. It... read more

 
OIL

A hydro-carbon liquid deriving originally from the fossilised remains of ancient forests of trees. These are petro-chemical oils that are used to make petroleum... read more

 
BOTTOM

The lowest point in a share's price cycle. Beginners get excited when a share is going up - smart investors get excited when it is... read more

 
HIGHLY RATED

This term describes the share of a company with a reputation for consistently growing its earnings. The rating of a company is dependent on... read more

 
BEAR MARKET

A market where the average of all shares is falling so that each high is lower than the previous high and each low is lower... read more

 
ON-BALANCE VOLUME

This was the first volume-based technical method developed by Joseph Granville. The method begins with an arbitrary total like 100 000 to which the... read more

 
GRANVILLE JOSEPH

A financial public speaker and writer from America, Joseph Granville championed the idea of using volumes as a key technical indicator. He developed... read more

 
HANGING MAN

A top reversal candlestick formation which signals the end of an upward trend, consisting of a candle with a small body... read more

 
HANG SENG

An index of the 50 largest companies trading on the Honk Kong Stock Exchange. The companies represent about 60% of the market capitalisation... read more

 
HAMMER FORMATION

A bullish reversal candlestick pattern implying that an upward trend is likely to begin. The hammer consists of a candle which... read more

 
GURU

A person who is thought to be an expert on predicting the future course of the market. At any point in time there are always experts who are called upon... read more

 
GUARANTEED INVESTMENT CONTRACTS

A single lump-sum deposit that earns a guaranteed interest until a known maturity date. GICs are issued by insurance companies.

 
GUARANTEE FUND

A fund which is built and sustained by the stock exchange to cover any counter party risks which may exist in securities trading. For example, the... read more

 
GROWTH SHARES

A growth share is a share in a listed company which is expected to grow rapidly. This term is normally applied to companies which have recently... read more

 
GROWTH FUND

A more speculative mutual fund made up primarily of the growth shares or performance stocks that are expected to appreciate in price... read more

 
GROWTH

In the context of economics, this refers to the increase in a country's gross domestic product (GDP). GDP growth is impacted by many things, but mainly... read more

 
GROUP OF THIRTY

An international group 24 of academics, financial leaders and economists that aims to improve the world economy through a better understanding of economic... read more

 
GROUP FINANCIAL STATEMENTS

In terms of section 30 of the Companies Act, a company is obliged to produce group consolidated financial statements in such a way that inter-company... read more

 
GROSS PROFIT

A company's profit after its direct or variable costs have been deducted. Typically, the gross profit is the final figure in the company's... read more

 
GROSS NATIONAL PRODUCT

Gross National Product or GNP is the value of all final goods and services produced within the economy during a specified period. It usually... read more

 
GROSS LETTABLE AREA

The area which a property company has available for rent. Real estate investment trusts (REIT) and property companies typically quote this... read more

 
GROSS FIXED CAPITAL FORMATION

The net increase in fixed capital in the economy, usually over the fiscal year. Basically this includes all new assets in the economy... read more

 
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT

The GDP of a country is defined as the market value of all final goods and services produced within a country in a given period of time. It... read more

 
GROSS DOMESTIC INCOME
An economics concept which is the total income created by the production of final goods and services within the economy.
 
GROSS DOMESTIC EXPENDITURE

This is an economics term which refers to the total expenditure within the economy. It is a method of calculating gross domestic product.... read more

 
GREENSPAN ALAN

The Chairman of the Federal Reserve Bank of America (Fed) from 1987 to 2006. Alan Greenspan is notable because he ushered in the idea of stimulating... read more

 
GREENHOUSE GAS EMISSIONS

Those gaseous emissions which contribute to global warming and climate change by trapping solar energy inside the atmosphere. The burning of fossil fuels... read more

 
BROWNFIELD OPERATIONS

A mining term which refers to the development and exploitation of known and proven deposits of minerals. This type of mining operation is clearly less risky... read more

 
GREEN FIELDS OPERATIONS

A business activity, usually in the mining industry, which is a completely new start-up. This is a high-risk, potentially high return undertaking... read more